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February - March 2006
Hair Care: Structure of Hair
1. For a wet razor the blade should be sharp and clean. Take care that the blades are not rusty or dirty.
2. For a power shaver the foil should be smooth and covered when not in use.
3. Exfoliation is important to clear the surface of dead skin cells, sebum and grime. Use a skin sponge or body scrub with warm soapy water to soften the skin.
4. A layer of shaving lubricant, in the form of foam, gel or oil should be applied prior to using a wet razor.
5. If using an electric or battery-operated shaver, make sure you pat your legs dry with a soft warm towel prior to use.
6. You should shave against the growth of your hair, however, if this causes sensitisation and appearance of red bumps a downward direction should be used.
7. Rinse the blade after each stroke since it becomes clogged with hairs and foam and its performance can be compromised.
8. Special care should be taken around hard, bony areas such as ankles and knees as most accidents occur in these areas as it is difficult to manoeuvre a straight blade across the crevices.
9. Hair growth in the underarms is irregular and the use of a lubricant is essential (stand in front of a mirror!). Both downward and upward strokes are required as the hair grows in different directions.
10. The bikini line is a difficult area to shave and can be sensitive. Extra care should be taken to follow the direction of hair growth.
11. After shaving, rinse away the hairs and dry your skin gently.
shaving removes some healthy epidermal skin cells, which can affect the moisture
content of the skin, rehydration is important and an unperfumed oil or moisturiser
should be applied.
1. They use thioglycolate to penetrate the hair shaft and dissolve its connective tissue. This breaks down the cellular tissue that holds the dead cells together, and the hair is easily pulled away from its follicle. You must perform a 24 hour patch test prior to using a product/brand for the first time.
2. The location of the unwanted hair also determines the type of chemical formula, for example, the bikini line and underarms may require a different formulation than the legs.
3. After bathing or showering, use a skin sponge or body scrub to exfoliate, then dry your skin thoroughly and apply the depilatory formula.
4. Smooth it on to your skin in the direction of hair growth, without rubbing it in. Wait for the recommended time, which varies according to the thickness and density of your hair growth. Gently remove the product and the hair using either cotton wool, tissue or a spatula.
patting the area dry, apply a layer of moisturising cream to rehydrate the
skin. Sunscreens or self-tanning products soon after hair removal should
1. First exfoliate all areas to be treated. The softer your hair and skin, the easier it is to wax off the hair.
2. Most home waxing solutions are solid, sugar based formulas that need to be softened in the microwave or boiling water before use (make sure it’s not too hot!).
3. Spread the formula thinly and evenly over the hairs, following the direction of hair growth, concentrating on one small area at a time. There are special applicator bottles available to make this step easier.
4. Woven cotton strips, which are naturally porous and absorbs liquid, are used by pressing the strip gently onto the wax and smoothing it in the direction of hair growth.
5. Pull your skin taut at the base of the strip and quickly rip it away against the hair growth, with one fast firm movement.
6. This process
can leave your hair follicles and skin very sensitised and a soothing moisturiser,
e.g. aloe vera, should be applied after rinsing away any traces of wax.