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April - May 2007
Beauties of Lower Egypt
Egypt is the home of one of the world’s oldest civilisations. Ancient Egyptian history can be traced back some 6000 years. It has a strategic location at the junction of Asia, Europe and Africa. Therefore it has always been an interactive place where East have met West. The population of the country is 74.9 million people with the majority of them living and working in the narrow, long and fertile valley of the River Nile and its Delta. The rest of the country is vast desert including part of the Sahara Desert. The Nile flows through Aswan in the south to Cairo in the north and beyond, and eventually empties in the Mediterranean Sea. The flow of the Nile from south to north has given rise to two separate areas: Upper and Lower Egypt. These names refers to the location according to the Nile’s flow. The Upper Egypt is the land upstream or to the south and the Lower Egypt is the land down stream or to the north. The Lower Egypt stretches from Cairo to the Nile Delta and Alexandria. This article illustrates some of the beautiful sites of Lower Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula.
Cairo is the glorious capital - which is a bustling and roaring metropolis where 18 million people live. Undoubtedly it is the largest city in the Middle East and Africa and has some of the world’s most recognisable landmarks. It has also been called a city of a thousand minarets. In Cairo past and present meet and where Islamic, Christian and Coptic cultures still flourish. For centuries it has been a centre of learning, culture and commerce.
The Egyptian Museum is in the heart of Cairo. There are some 120,000 objects on display ranging from the prehistoric era to the Greco – Roman Period. The collection is broadly arranged in four sections: jewellery, sculpture, funerary objects, and the treasures from the tomb of Boy King Tutankhamoun including his colourful golden mask.
Khan El Khalili, the medieval bazaar of Cairo is famous for antiques, rugs, brassware, perfume, herbs, jewellery, leather goods and many other oriental gifts.
The Citadel dominates part of the skyline of Cairo. The Mosque of Muhammad Ali which is also known as the Alabaster Mosque is an impressive building in the Citadel. It has a huge dome covering the central space of the mosque which is intricately decorated in predominantly green colour. Its design is based on the Byzantine Church of St. Sophia of Istanbul.
The Pyramids of Giza: There are three awe-inspiring pyramids on this necropolis. These were built for three generations of kings, king Khufu - his son Khafre and the Grandson Menkaure. These are the tombs of Pharaohs and their queens. The largest of the three is called